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Most Northern Lights locations are found at high latitudes, meaning there is no darkness from mid-April until mid-August even more in far northern locations like Svalbard. In this period of time, no Northern Lights can be observed. However, from late September to late March, it is dark after 6pm, and one enjoys maximum chances. On a yearly basis, the Lights are at their peak in September and March.
The reasons for this trend are due to the March and September equinox. The time between 6pm and 4am is the most intense period of the day.
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The highest probability within this timespan is between 10 and 11pm. However, this is a guideline, and during the Polar night auroras can be observed as early as 4pm, and all through the night.
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In periods of strong activity, one can expect several flares starting at around 6pm, peaking around 10pm, and going on until 1am. In the longer term, auroral displays are correlated with an year cycle in sunspot activity and other perturbations of the sun; the more restless the sun, the more aurorae. In addition to these more or less regular variations in frequency of the aurora, there are also less predictable, erratic displays resulting from solar storms. Some of these, particularly near solar-activity maximum, can lead to visible Northern Lights remarkably far south, if you're in an area with clear, transparent night skies.
The "Alerts" section below will help you stay on top of solar activity and prepare for some viewing when a solar storm does occur. Last but not least, don't forget the weather forecast — aurora occur very high up in the atmosphere, and if there are clouds in the way you will not see anything. In Northern Scandinavia, the weather is notably better towards the end of the Northern Lights season February-March , than in the beginning.
Please note that most displays of the Northern Lights are quite faint phenomena, and the bright ones occur significantly more rarely. Therefore for best viewing you need a location with the least "light pollution" possible. The same display may be barely visible in a center of a big city, yet quite spectacular in an open field some km away from major sources of artificial light.
If you have the luxury of being able to travel into aurora-viewing territory on short notice, you can improve your chances of seeing something by being aware of "space weather," the things going on beyond the earth's atmosphere as a result of solar activity. If a major solar storm develops that is forecast to have a good chance of producing Northern and Southern Lights, your time to respond will be measured in hours to a few days, rather than either minutes or weeks. The forecasts will usually include some indication of how far from the magnetic poles the activity is expected to extend.
Taking good pictures of the Northern Lights is very difficult , since they're fast-moving, often faint and against a pitch-dark background, all of which befuddles consumer point-and-shoots. Here's what you need for a sporting chance:. This means that an eruption is visible over large tracts of land.
In principle, all areas under the Northern Lights oval are good observation points. However, most of these areas are remote and inaccessible, suffering harsh climatic conditions. The mentioned locations provide some kind of infrastructure, like tours, observation points etc. Much of the area where Aurora Australis is visible is in the Southern Ocean, most of which is highly remote, inaccessible, and dangerous.
So a negative Bz is good. The more negative the better. Each number in the diagram below represents a rolling 5 minute average of the Bz taken along the length of the solar wind stream. This data comes from a satellite about 1 million miles from earth. These 5 minute stream segments are all headed towards earth. They should arrive in 20 to 40 minutes. They are given in the order they'll hit earth, with the first 5 minute average hitting first. Think of each number representing a 5 minute long cloud of solar wind speeding towards earth.
Remember, it's best for Bz to be negative, and the more negative, the better. Inbound Bz averages.
More than half of the country lies above meters feet and the landscape is extraordinarily diverse, with large areas covered with colorful mountains, lava fields, glaciers, hot springs, lakes and black sands. The rugged nature has been shaped by the elements to form a majestic scenery unlike any other place in the world.
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Beautiful scenery, great running paths and a climate that's perfect for running with plenty of clean and fresh air! There is everything to like about running in Iceland!
source link Travelling around Iceland on two wheels is both challenging and rewarding. There is no better way to experience the beauty of Iceland than from the saddle of your bicycle. Many bike enthusiasts come to Iceland to enjoy the Ring Road, the well-known highway number 1, that runs around the country. Others choose more difficult paths into the highlands. Northern Lights in Iceland. Things to do Activities Northern lights. How to take a photo of the Northern Lights First thing first, clear skies.